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Battlefield Protection

Cavalry Battlefields—Aldie, Middleburg, and Upperville

During the period of June 17 to June 23, 1863, three significant cavalry battles were fought along the area surrounding Aldie (above), Middleburg, and Upperville on today’s Route 50. These battles were part of a campaign that saw Confederate forces moving north toward Maryland and Pennsylvania. Confederate cavalry led by General J.E.B. Stuart was given the assignment to screen the movement; Union cavalry led by General Alfred Pleasonton was given the assignment to penetrate the screen and determine the location of the main Confederate forces. 

Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart

Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart

Maj. Gen. Alfred Pleasanton

Maj. Gen. Alfred Pleasanton

The Mosby Heritage Area Association received a grant from the National Park Service for the preparation of a plan to protect the rural character of the battlefields and their remaining historic resources.  With the grant, the Association has undertaken a major project to implement its plan to preserve critical properties along and adjacent to the route of the battles, including addressing the existence and scope of current protection easements, studying the adequacy of existing protections, and determining whether further protective actions are necessary. 

Our mission is centered around the preservation of historic properties in the Heritage Area.  The Association has determined that a critical mission is to ensure that properties related to the three cavalry battles in the heart of the Heritage Area are preserved.  The preservation of these sites and properties does more than preserve the battlefield: it preserves and maintains the rural and historic character of the landscape; it provides landowners with tools and support to protect rural farm uses and historic viewsheds; and it supports the preservation of historic farms and open space for present and future generations

Aldie, Middleburg, and Upperville Civil War Battlefields Draft Preservation Plan and Map (below). For a copy of the plan, contact the Mosby Heritage Area Association office.

In the gallery below, photographer Luke R. Greer captured features of the battlefield preservation area on Route 15 between Aldie, Middleburg, and Upperville:

  • Battle of Aldie Cavalry Marker
  • Goose Creek Bridge, a 200-foot-long stone arch bridge built in 1810
  • Sunken Road—Kinchloe's Mill Road—looking west