Virginia Association of Museums Names MHAA Item to 2018 Top Ten Endangered Artifacts List

A pillow made out of a local WWI veteran’s uniform has been chosen as one of Virginia’s top ten endangered artifacts for 2018. During renovations to the ca. 1800 Rector House in Atoka the staff of the Mosby Heritage Area Association discovered a pillow that had been stored in the home’s attic. It was quickly discovered that the pillow case was fashioned from uniform and hat fragments dating to the First World War. The initials “M.B.R.” embroidered on the back pointed to Maurice Bryant Rector, who lived in the home for most of his life and operated the nearby Atoka store. Research soon revealed that Maurice was drafted in the fall of 1918, and was sent to Washington, D.C. to train as an electrician. The war in Europe ended before Maurice’s training was finished, so he never served overseas. Sometime after his return to Fauquier County the pillow was constructed as a souvenir of his brief military service. For decades the pillow remained in the attic of the Rector House, suffering light and moth damage. Now, the Mosby Heritage Area Association would like to make it the centerpiece of a display on the history of the home and its occupants. To do this a textile conservator must stabilize the fragile fabric and create a display case that protects the pillow from further damage.

          The MHAA staff consulted a number of WWI historians and military collectors, none of whom had ever seen an item like the Rector pillow. Virginia Army National Guard Historian Alexander Barnes agreed, calling the pillow “a most unique memento.” This rare status helped the pillow secure a spot in the Virginia Association of Museums “Top Ten Endangered Artifacts” list for 2018. Each year since 2011 ten artifacts are chosen from around the Commonwealth for their cultural and historic significance. An online poll is conducted and the artifacts with the greatest number of votes win grants to help with their preservation. This year’s poll will run from January 22nd—31st. To vote or to learn more about the Top Ten program please visit

The Rector pillow, made out of Maurice’s campaign hat and uniform.

The Rector pillow, made out of Maurice’s campaign hat and uniform.

Maurice Rector served in 1918. After his return he operated the Atoka Store and lived in the Rector House.

Maurice Rector served in 1918. After his return he operated the Atoka Store and lived in the Rector House.

MHAA Proclaims 2019 the Year of John Marshall

The Mosby Heritage Area Association is honored to announce 2019 as the “Year of John Marshall.”

No American legal mind has had a greater impact on our judicial system than John Marshall. The Fauquier County native served as Chief Justice for more than 30 years, shaping the very nature of the Supreme Court and its role in government. To commemorate the bicentennial of the landmark case McCulloch v. Maryland, the Mosby Heritage Area Association is hosting a number of events throughout 2019 to celebrate John Marshall’s life and legacy.

To view our events or to learn more about John Marshall, visit our “Year of John Marshall” page by clicking here.

Mosby Heritage Area Association Newsletters

Group forms to save Loudoun County's historic gravel roads from being paved over

Western Loudoun’s historic dirt road known as Trappe Road outside of the Village of Bloomfield. (Photo by Douglas Graham/WLP)

Western Loudoun’s historic dirt road known as Trappe Road outside of the Village of Bloomfield. (Photo by Douglas Graham/WLP)

ABC7 News is working on a powerful story about new efforts underway to prevent old gravel roads in Loudoun County from being paved.

America's Routes recently partnered with Mosby Heritage Area Association to educate the public and policy makers about the history that unfolded on these byways over the last couple hundred years.

Members of this group hope that educational process will convince county leaders to preserve the network of gravel roads as much as possible as Loudoun County continues to expand and thrive.

This network of roads, home to historic stone walls, churches, stores and Civil War battles, has gone from 500 miles down to about 250 miles today.

You can catch a preview of our story by clicking here

The Campaign for Willisville

The Mosby Heritage Area Association has partnered with the residents of Willisville to have the village added to the National Register of Historic Places. Freedmen founded Willisville in southwestern Loudoun County, Virginia after the Civil War and it is one of the best-preserved villages of its kind. These African-American communities represent a significant part of Virginia’s history, and Willisville would be among the first in the Commonwealth to receive National Register designation.

The Preliminary Information Form (PIF) was approved for Willisville by the National Register in 2004 which confirmed its eligibility under Criterion A (Significant Events/Patterns) and Criterion C (Architecture).  However, the final application for its addition to the Register must include a well-researched and documented survey of the village’s 15 residences, former schoolhouse and country store, and its Methodist Church. We are campaigning to raise $15,000 to fund the professional historical research, facilitate the process, and complete the application. 

Please lend your financial support to help preserve the heritage of Willisville and bring the village the historical recognition that it deserves. Please visit and under Message, type in “Willisville.”  If you wish to mail in a check: MHAA, PO Box 1497, Middleburg, VA, 20118, please include “Willisville” in the memo line. Donations are tax-deductible.

The Fight for Historic Aldie

On February 15th the MHAA teamed up with other local preservation organizations to raise awareness of the threat posed by development in the village of Aldie. Approximately 200 preservationists, lawmakers, and citizens came out to learn more about the history of the village and how a proposed new fire station would impact the area. For more coverage of the event see the article in Loudoun Now here.

Participants packed the Aldie United Methodist Church (Photo courtesy of Loudoun Now)   

Participants packed the Aldie United Methodist Church (Photo courtesy of Loudoun Now)


If you missed the program and the story of the village of Aldie, read or view any of the presentations below:

Malcolm Collum, Aldie citizen--The Three Buildings Proposed for Demolition
Kevin Pawlak, Mosby Heritage Area Association--The Battle of Aldie, June 17, 1863
Kristen Pawlak, Civil War Trust--Aldie, Middleburg, and Upperville in the Gettysburg Campaign

Photo Gallery: August 6th Loudoun Quakers, Abolition, and the Underground Railroad event

Photos are in from this month's special event, Loudoun Quakers, Abolition, and the Underground Railroad event in Lincoln, Virginia. We had an amazing turnout of over 120 guests - I'm pretty sure there wasn't a place to park in the whole village! Inside the 1817 Goose Creek meeting house our guests were treated to several talks: Carolyn Ungar spoke on the history of the congregation and the meeting house, Eric Larson visited from the Loudoun County Courthouse to talk about using court documents to research slavery, and Dr. A. Glenn Crothers of the University of Louisville described the role played by Loudoun Quakers in the Abolitionist movement.

Following the talks guests were able to explore the 1815 Oakdale school and the Quaker burying ground before heading to Springdale for refreshments. Springdale was built in the 1830s for prominent Quaker leader Samuel Janney, and it once housed a school and a Civil War hospital. The home is currently the site of the Springdale Village Inn, a Bed & Breakfast. Guests explored the house as well as the exquisitely landscaped grounds. A huge thanks to the Goose Creek Friends and the Springdale Village Inn for making the event possible! Thanks also to Chuck Pellerin for sharing his wonderful photographs!

Check out Mosby Heritage Area Association's recent education programs

Nearly 200 students from Woodgrove High School visited Oatlands, Aldie Mill, and Mt. Zion Church—all sites in the Mosby Heritage Area—on May 25-26, 2016, as part of their "One to the World" project.  Check out the video showing the fruits of that project below, which includes Mosby Heritage Area Association staff members.

Woodgrove High School's 11th grade students visited Oatlands Plantation, Mount Zion Baptist Church and Aldie Mill to learn about the historical significance of these sites. Using the information they have gathered from these places and after further research, the students created video documentaries that would help educate the public and promote tourism to these locations.

Unpaved Beauty: Fast-growing Loudoun has not lost its dirt roads or rural charm

Richmond Times-Dispatch, July 21, 2016


As one of the fastest-growing counties in America, this is Loudoun County:

  • A population that has more than doubled since 2000 with a quarter of its residents foreign-born.
  • Seemingly endless suburban Washington sprawl and mind-bending traffic.
  • Dulles International Airport.

But this also is Loudoun County:

  • Acres and acres of fields, farms and forest, rich in history and unrivaled scenery, a rural refuge in the heart of Northern Virginia and the capital, some would say, of Virginia’s horse country.
  • More than 40 wineries and tasting rooms.
  • And, perhaps most astoundingly, about 300 miles in unpaved roads, the most of any county in Virginia — which is not exactly what you might expect to find in a county with Loudoun’s reputation for explosive growth.

“What I love about living here is finding new roads,” said Rich Gillespie, executive director of the Mosby Heritage Area Association, a regional nonprofit preservation and historic organization, and a longtime resident of Loudoun.

He has been finding new roads for 40 years. A graduate of William & Mary, Gillespie was on his way to western Loudoun in the 1970s — not exactly sure how to pronounce the name of his new county — to take a teaching job when his car died. He purchased a new one but didn’t have the money to buy a radio, so he spent his free time — he also couldn’t afford a television at home — driving around the countryside. New wheels in a new place.

It turned out the fledgling history teacher had stumbled into a historian’s wonderland: Civil War battlefields, old churches, one-room schoolhouses.

“Just an incredible concentration (of history),” said Gillespie, who landed and still lives in the western part of Loudoun, parts of which look much the way they did decades, even centuries ago. “I thought, ‘Aren’t I lucky? I’m going to teach history in a place that has all this stuff.’ ”

A Tale of Two Counties

Loudoun, the fastest-growing county in Virginia, is almost a tale of two counties: the hyper-developed east of Dulles/suburbia and the preserved rural west, with farms and subdivisions abutting one another as the two worlds come together. County planners by design have attempted to keep Loudoun in both worlds.

Wealth runs throughout Loudoun. The county had a median household income of more than $122,000 in 2014 — more than double the national median household income — ranking it No. 1 nationally in 2014 among jurisdictions with a population of 65,000 or greater. Politically, Loudoun has become a critically important swing jurisdiction that helps decide statewide elections because of its continued suburbanization and demographic diversity.

Our visit to Loudoun started when Bob Brown and I met Jim Person while doing a story on his family’s ancestral church in Southampton County. “You should do a story on the back roads of Loudoun County,” he said.

Loudoun — a county that has gone from a population of 24,000 in 1960 to more than 370,000 today — has back roads? Yes, indeed it does. And a lot of them, as it turns out, don’t have a lick of asphalt.

Person is a Richmond native who retired in 2014 as principal of Loudoun’s Stone Bridge High School after almost four decades as an educator in the county. He arranged for us to meet Gillespie, his friend and former colleague (and fellow W&M alum) who is a retired award-winning history teacher who taught at Loudoun Valley High for 30 years. The two of them spent an afternoon and evening driving us around western Loudoun, showing us the sights, telling us stories and introducing us to a few of those unpaved roads.

On the Road Again

When Person moved to Loudoun from Richmond in the 1970s and encountered the many dirt and gravel roads weaving through the western part of the county, he thought, “You’ve got to be kidding me!”

Now, he accepts them as part of Loudoun’s character — and something, as it turns out, to be preserved.

Loudoun came to have an abundance of unpaved roads through “partly bad luck and partly good luck,” said Mitch Diamond, a member of the Loudoun County Preservation and Conservation Coalition who sits on the subcommittee for Loudoun’s rural roads.

“In the 19th century, we were poor so the roads stayed the way they were,” Diamond said. “In the 20th century, people came to live on these wonderful farms out here, and the roads were an asset. If you go to equestrian communities around the country, you find similar networks of unpaved roads. The equestrians really treasure them, so they become valuable.”

Besides the fact dirt is easier on horses’ hooves than pavement, the unpaved roads radiate a certain beauty unspooling across the countryside and threading through wooded hillsides, bending this way and that over meadows and past old stone fences. You feel blessed for living in the midst of such beauty, Diamond said, and the roads are a big part of that.

“They’re historic and charming,” he said. But they also can be dusty and bumpy and prone to potholes and ruts if not properly maintained.

“We’re not Luddite; we want the roads to be well-cared for,” said Diamond, noting the subcommittee on rural roads was formed to ensure just that. “They are really important to our economy.”

Tourism is big business in Loudoun, and the county has much to offer: wineries, craft breweries, pick-your-own farms, farm-to-table cuisine and destination restaurants, equestrian events, bed-and-breakfasts, luxury resorts and pretty drives. U.S. 15 runs north and south through Leesburg, the gateway to Loudoun’s wine country and in some ways the dividing point of the county: East of Leesburg is much of the development and, to the west, says Jennifer Sigal of Visit Loudoun, the county’s tourism arm, “the land starts opening up.”

And if all that isn’t enough, Loudoun was named “The Happiest County in America” by SmartAsset this year based on its low unemployment and poverty rates and having the fourth-highest income ratio among the 1,000 counties in the study. Loudoun’s next-door neighbor, Fairfax County, was No. 2.

We met Gillespie at the Mosby Heritage Area Association headquarters at Atoka, the Rector House where Confederate cavalry commander John Singleton Mosby’s unit formed in the parlor. We sat on the porch talking as traffic streamed past — the Rector House is in Fauquier County “by a smidge,” Gillespie said — but this is hunt country, on each side of the line, with all that comes with that description. A pickup truck blew past, closely followed by a Bentley.

We piled into Person’s SUV and commenced a whirlwind tour that included:

  • The National Sporting Library and Museum in Middleburg, a world-class library and fine-art museum focused on equestrian and field sports.
  • A spin along some of the ancient, unpaved roads that might look like long personal driveways but are truly public roads, though often narrow. In the face of oncoming traffic, you learn to move over to the right. Quickly.
  • The Middleburg Training Track, built by Paul Mellon, philanthropist and owner of Thoroughbred racehorses.
  • The Unison United Methodist Church, where the congregation retreated to the basement when the Union and Confederate forces launched the Battle of Unison during a church service in 1862. The church became a makeshift hospital, and the graffiti of wounded soldiers remain on the walls of the balcony.
  • Goose Creek Stone Bridge, a 200-foot-long span built around 1810 that was the center of fighting in 1863 during the Battle of Upperville and carried vehicular traffic — including tractor-trailers — until it was replaced by U.S. 50 in the 1950s. Nearby U.S. 50 remains a busy thoroughfare across Loudoun, carrying commuters traveling between Washington and Winchester and all points in between.

We drove past old plantations and through Quaker villages, such as Lincoln; old African-American communities, such as St. Louis; and Waterford, a Quaker village along Catoctin Creek that is designated as a National Historic Landmark district. The Waterford Fair, a step back in time, is held every October.

We wound up in the small-but-up-and-coming town of Purcellville (pronounce it with the emphasis on the first syllable, and the locals seem to slide right over the first two Ls altogether, as in PURSEH-ville), where a Valley League baseball game was underway at Fireman’s Field. Dinner was at Magnolias at the Mill, housed in a former mill, in Purcellville. History while you eat.

“What we try to do is get people out on these back roads with places they can stop and touch history,” said Gillespie, not necessarily speaking of places with admission fees. “But places you can get out and walk around: a churchyard or a battlefield or an old bridge.

“Almost every single place I drive, I don’t drive more than a mile without coming on another story, another historical place that has an amazing tale to tell.”